Glaucoma is a disease of the eyes, which can lead to complete blindness. It is a multifactorial disease. The increase in the level of intraocular tension and chronic ischemia of the optic nerve is now considered one of the main factors of glaucomatous optic nerve damage responsible for transmitting visual information to the brain.
If glaucoma is diagnosed early enough, you can effectively inhibit its development. Unfortunately, the initial symptoms of glaucoma are hidden.
The only way to early diagnose glaucoma is to perform regular eye examination with an ophthalmologist. Untreated glaucoma always leads to blindness!
Sometimes you hear completely wrong, widely-spread opinions that some complaints are typical only to old people. Many, believing blindly in such opinions, play down the first symptoms of the disease. They forget that in return for rapid development of civilization, we have to pay a high price ... Diseases associated with with the progess of civilization, also known as twenty-first century diseases are rapidly spreading conditions caused by the global development of civilization and, therefore, industrialization and rapid urbanization.
Sometimes you can meet with the opinion that frequency of their presence is directly proportional to the development of a given society. According to other views, it is really hard to say which of the disease can even be called such name. The diseases, which mostly belong to this group, include the diseases of the respiratory system, circulatory system (including the increasingly common sudden cardiac arrhythmia), various types of allergies, cancer, AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, and symptoms known as "escape syndromes" (drug addiction, drug dependence, alcoholism or serious mental disorders). Apart from them, the list of 21st century diseases includes yet a series of other conditions, among them is glaucoma - a very dangerous affection, but paradoxically often underestimated.
Glaucoma is a serious eye disease, which consists of slow the damage of the optic nerve, and whose development is most insidious and asymptomatic. Therefore, despite the absence of symptoms, one should carry out relevant ophthalmology examinations order not to overlook the early glaucoma.
More at risk of glaucoma are people with the following risk factors:
- Family predispositions to glaucoma
- High degree of myopia
- Symptoms of low contractibility: cold hands and feet
- Frequent headaches: migraines
- Long-term stress
- Old age
- Earlier injury and surgery of the eye
- Chronic use of steroids (local and general)
- Cigarette smoking